The animals that were put on a reduced calorie diet not only lived longer but they were also healthier. Typical age related illnesses occurred significantly less. Occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and cancer was halved, diabetes wasn’t diagnosed at all.
Organisms have developed various defense mechanisms against free radicals. An important role seems to be played by the so-called antioxidants
According to Aristotle the essence of man lies in his ability to reason, particularly in his ability to utilize practical reason to determine the best way to live.
Journey to the Abyss of the Soul
SLAVE OF THE PASSIONS Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-incurred immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one’s own understanding without the guidance of another. This immaturity is self-incurred… Read more →
FOOTNOTES TO PLATO, Μηδείς Αγεωμέτρητος Εισίτω, “Let no one untrained in geometry enter, Motto over the entrance to Plato’s Academy
“Bliss it was in that dawn to be alive, But to be young was very heaven.”
A paradigm is a generalized world view, a conceptual framework in which sciences operates. A paradigm shift is a scientific revolution during which one paradigm replaces another paradigm. The Ptolemaic worldview was replaced by a Copernican heliocentric one and Newtonian physics by Einsteins relativity.
IN the 18th century an English scholar and proto-economist predicted a very grim outlook for the human race. In An Essay on the Principle of Population reverend Robert Malthus wrote:… Read more →
The question about the advantages of the division of labor between different states was first proposed by David Ricardo (1772 -1823) in his “Principles of Political Economy and Taxation” (1817) . He thus laid the foundations for the modern foreign trade theory. Core statement of the theory of comparative advantage is that trading is also beneficial for the countries that have for all goods price advantages because they can produce more cheaply.
Confucianism is not a religion as such; it appeals to no God, knows no eschatology (study of last things) and an elaborate metaphysics (the study of the ultimate causes). Confucianism is primarily an ethical (moral philosophy) and a social study. Confucianism doesn’t have logic as a special philosophical discipline, abstract ideas and thinking aren’t important, what rather matters is independent and ethically proper thinking,